Recurring Violence Risk Indicators
Despite certain common features each case of domestic violence is quite unique. Therefore, while assessing the situation it is important to listen to the victim’s opinion, because they know best how dangerous the current situation is.
On the other hand, researchers have defined certain indicators that help assess the risk of recurring violence that might even end with homicide. The table below shows that the top five most frequent factors are related to the current/previous partner having criminal records (not necessarily linked to domestic violence), ending the relationship, aggravating issues (alcohol and drug abuse, mental health disorders), jealousy and controlling nature of the aggressor as well as increasing seriousness and frequency of violence.
Equally important are the links between these factors. According to research data, the clearest indication of recurring violence and possibly murder is the jealous and controlling nature of the aggressor. Analysis has shown that the presence of these characteristics means that eleven out of remaining fourteen characteristics will be manifested. The abuse of alcohol and other drugs also increases the likelihood of the link with other risk factors.
|Risk factors related to recurring domestic violence and homicide||Figures indicate the probability in percentage points.|
|Curent/previous partner has a criminal record||84,2|
|The criminal record is related to domestic violence||34,9|
|Ending the relationship||76,7|
|The perpetrator has a aggravating issues:||70,5|
|The perpetrator is jealous/ controlling||62,3|
|Violence is becoming more serious/frequent||52,7|
|The assault result in injuries||45,2|
|The perpetrator has threatened to kill someone||42,5|
|The perpetrator attempted to strangle or suffocate the victim||38,4|
|Conflicts about contact with children||30,1|
|The perpetrator has threatened/attempted to commit sucide||23,5|
|The perpetrator has financial issues||22,6|
|Weapons were used during assault||12,3|
|The perpetrator has sexually abused the victim||11,6|
|The victim has suicidal thoughts||11,6|
|The victim is pregnant||6,2|